WMWA Constitution and By-Laws
(Revised 25 Jan 2001)


Article I - Name

This organization shall be known as the World Miniature Warbird Association, Inc., also known as the WMWA.

Article II - Purpose

The World Miniature Warbird Association, Inc. is formed for the purpose of fostering and advancing the construction and operation of radio controlled Warbird Aircraft of all sizes in a setting where informality and safety of operations prevail. Additionally, it is formed to create an atmosphere where pleasure, recreation, fellowship, and co-mingling can be fostered and found to exist amongst individuals enjoying the sport of building and flying miniature radio controlled Warbird Aircraft. All flying members of the WMWA in the U.S. must be a current member of the AMA or the Canadian IMAC.

The World Miniature Warbird Association, Inc., will not engage in any activities that are not permitted under section 501(C) (3) of the Internal Revenue code, or corresponding section of any future Federal Tax Code in respect of a corporation that is exempt from Federal Income Tax. No part of the net earnings of the World Miniature Warbird Association, Inc., shall inure to the benefit of, or be distributed to its members, trustees, officers, or other private persons, except that the World Miniature Warbird Association Inc., shall be authorized and empowered to make payments and distributions in furtherance of the purposes set forth above.

Article III - Membership

Membership in the WMWA shall be open to any and all persons who agree to abide by the Constitution, By-Laws, and other officially promulgated rules, regulations, directives, and guidelines while engaged in WMWA related activities during the term of their membership.

Membership in the Association shall not be denied to any person because of race, creed, color, or handicap. However, by a majority vote of the entire Board of Air Force Commanders, a request for membership may be declined should they consider that the applicant would be a liability to the Association. In such event the applicant shall be given written notice of such denial of membership.

An applicant whose request for membership has been declined, may petition the Board for a hearing to reconsider the membership application. In such event the applicant and/or, his/her representative shall be provided with the opportunity to present oral and written evidence on his/her behalf and to make a statement to the Board.

After such hearing, the application for membership shall thereafter only be only declined by a three quarters majority vote of the entire Board. The applicant shall be given written notice of the decision of the Board, subsequent to such hearing.

Article IV - The Board of Air Force Commanders

The Board of Air Force Commanders, hereinafter referred to as the "Board", shall be the primary decision-making body of the Association, and shall be responsible for upholding the Constitution, By-Laws and other WMWA rules, regu1ations, directives, or guidelines that they deem necessary or desirable, and shall have the authority to delegate decision making powers. The members of the Board shall be entitled to vote on any matters properly the subject of the Board's consideration and action.

  1. The Board shall consist of six (6) elected Air Force Commanders who are residents of the United States of America. Each Board member will represent the members of such States, which are to be determined by the demographics of the paid membership to ensure equal representation. Each Board member shall be nominated from, and elected by, those WMWA members who reside in the States that such Board member shall represent. The Board member must be a resident of one of the States which they represent.

  2. Additionally any other Country with a membership of 50 or more WMWA members shall also be represented on the Board. The Air Force Commander(s) elected in Countries other than the United States, shall be nominated from and elected by, those WMWA members who reside in the Country that such Board member shall represent. The Board member must be a resident of the Country which they represent.

  3. Each duly elected Board member shall be entitled to one vote on any matter properly the subject of the Board's consideration and action. No other person appointed to any position in the Association, or any other officer of the Association shall be entitled to vote on any matter presented to the Board, except as otherwise provided in this Constitution, or in the By-Laws.

  4. Each Board member may appoint such Assistants, as he/she considers desirable for the proper administration of his/her Air Force.

Each Board member shall serve for a two year term, and may be nominated for re-election to subsequent two year terms.

In the event of a Board member being unable to continue his duties for any reason, the President shall appoint a replacement Board member to complete the current term. Such replacement member shall reside in one of the States, or in the Country previously represented by the Board member being replaced.

Article V - Officers

The officers of the Association shall consist of a President, Vice-President, Secretary, and Treasurer, and such other officers as the Board considers necessary or desirable to conduct the business of the Association. The President and Vice-President shall be elected by the majority vote of the members of the Association. The Board shall determine the procedures for the election or appointment of the other officers. All officers, with the exception of the Air Force Commanders, must be citizens of the United States of America.

PRESIDENT:

The President shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the Association, and shall be responsible for the enforcement of all of the provisions of the Constitution, By-Laws and other officially promulgated rules, regulations, directives and guidelines of the Association, and for fostering the purposes and objectives of the Association.

The President shall conduct the day-to-day business of the Association, and shall implement and execute all legally enacted directives and proposals of the Board, and shall perform such other duties, relating to the operations of the Association, as may be agreed by the Board.

The President shall preside over the formal meetings of the Board, and shall be responsible for presenting agenda items to the Board at both it's formal meetings and by way of written proposals when the Board is not meeting formally. The President shall not have any vote on any matter brought before the Board.

The President shall have the power to veto any of the decisions of the Board which he/she deems inappropriate, or not in the best interest of the Association. Such Veto may only be overridden by a majority vote of not less that three quarters of the full Board membership.

The President shall serve for a three year term, and may be nominated for re-election to subsequent three year terms.

VICE-PRESIDENT:

In the event of the absence, disability, or inability of the President to perform the duties of his/her office for any reason, the Vice-President shall be responsible for executing all of the duties and assuming all of the responsibilities of the office of the President. The Vice President also shall perform such other duties relating to the operation of the Association as may be assigned by the President or by the Board

In the event that the Board is evenly divided in their vote on any issue before the Board the Vice President shall have the deciding vote.

The Vice President shall serve for a three year term, and may be nominated for re-election to subsequent three year terms.

SECRETARY:

The Secretary shall be responsible to the President and the Board for maintaining the records, other than financial records, of the Association, including the minutes of all Board meetings, and a roster of the current membership. The Secretary shall be responsible for incorporating into the Constitution or the By-Laws, all duly enacted amendments, and for promulgating the announcement to the membership of all such amendments, or other significant changes in the purposes, objectives and operations the Association. The Secretary also shall perform such other duties as may be assigned by the President or by the Board.

TREASURER:

The Treasurer shall be responsible to the President and to the Board for conducting the financial affairs of the Association as directed by the Board and for maintaining the financial records of the Association. He/she shall collect all money and other things of value due, payable or donated to the Association, and shall disburse Association funds as directed by a quorum vote of the Board. The Treasurer also shall perform such other duties as may be assigned by the President or by the Board.

Article VI - Recall of Elected Board Members or Officers

A duly elected Board member or Officer may be recalled for good cause upon receipt of a recall petition signed by sixty percent (60%) or more of the number of votes cast in the election for such Board member or Officer. Such recall may only become effective after a review of the petition by the both the Secretary and the Treasurer of the Association who must certify that: a) all the signatures on the petition are of current paid up members of the Association and, b) in respect of the recall of a Board member, that all the signatures on the petition are also of residents of the States or Country represented by the member of the Board who is the subject of the recall petition.

In the event that an elected Board member or other Officer is recalled, the President shall appoint a replacement to complete the current term. Such replacement Board member shall reside in one of the States, or in the same Country previously represented by the recalled Board member. If the President should be recalled then the Vice President shall assume the duties of the President, as more fully described herein and the Board shall appoint a Vice President to complete the current term.

Article VII - Termination of any Assistants or Appointees

Any Assistant or other person appointed personally by any Commander or Officer serves at the pleasure of the person appointing them, and may for good cause be relieved of their duties by the person who appointed them. Any other persons appointed by the Board, may, for good cause, be removed from their office or position, after written notice has been given to such person and a hearing conducted, at which hearing such person and/or their representative may present oral and written evidence and make a statement. The termination may then only be enforced if it agreed to by a majority vote of not less than three quarters of the entire Board.

Article VIII - Meetings of the Membership

Meetings of the Membership of the Association shall be held as considered necessary or desirable by the President and/or Board. Notice of such meetings and the matters to be brought before it shall be given in the Association's official publications, or by the Secretary by mail, and e-mail, no later than thirty days before the meeting is to convene. An abstract of those matters to be considered at the meeting and their results shall be published by the Secretary.

Article IX - Constitutional Amendments

Any Constitutional amendment proposed by any Officer or Board member shall be submitted in writing to the Secretary who will transmit it to the Board members for consideration, and upon a three quarters majority vote of the entire Board, it shall then be submitted to the membership for referendum and approval.

Any Constitutional amendment proposed by a petition of not less than five(5) percent of the then current Membership shall be submitted in writing to the Secretary, who shall cause the proposed amendment to be published to the Membership for referendum and approval.

All such amendments to the Constitution that are approved by a majority vote of the membership shall then be made a part of the Constitution.

Article X - Liquidation

Upon dissolution of the Corporation, assets shall be distributed for one or more exempt purposes within the meaning of section 501 (C) (3) of the Internal Revenue code, or corresponding section of any future Tax Code, or shall be distributed to the Federal Government, or to the state or Local Government, for a public purpose. Any such assets not so disposed of by the Court of Common Pleas of the County in which the principal office of the Corporation is then located, shall be donated to a Non Profit organization. exclusively formed to accept such donations.

Article XI - Events

Anyone wishing to participate in a WMWA flying event in the USA must have a valid AMA card for insurance purposes. Members of WMWA affiliated clubs in other countries shall abide by the rules and regulations of their national governing body for flying remotely controlled model aircraft. Registration forms for participating in all WMWA flying events shall contain an agreement by the participant to hold harmless and indemnify the WMWA and it's officers. Advanced notification of such events must contain the requirements specific to each country.

Article XII - Definitions

  1. Safe Operations.

    The WMWA defines "safe operations" as being at all times in compliance with the Academy of Model Aeronautics current Model Aircraft Safety Code in respect of all operations within the United States of America, and the safety Codes of any similar Association or Body, or any Regulatory Body having jurisdiction in venues outside of the United States of America.

  2. Warbird Aircraft.

    The WMWA defines a "Warbird Aircraft" as a model of any aircraft used for military purposes by any Country at any time. It must be a scale or semi-scale rendering, recognizable as such, and marked accordingly. Any prototype offered to the military but not accepted would also fall into the category of a "Warbird Aircraft" It cannot be a model of any aircraft made to look like a "Warbird Aircraft" by applying military markings to it.